RoTLD > .ro Domain Registry > Rules for Registration

Rules for Registration

1. The rules presented in this document apply to all requests of names within the .ro domain and its sub-domains:

- .ro  for any organizations or individuals;  
- for business, firms, products and services of a commercial nature;  
- for not-for-profit organizations, social organizations, civil groups;
- for trademarks only. To register under the sub domain, proof of a Romanian trademark (OSIM, or another trademark organization) must be submitted;
- for shops, stores or other business offering goods to purchase;
- for information providers;
- for those individuals wishing their own name as a domain name;
- for entities emphasizing data networking activities, regarding to the Internet network especially;
- for firms;
- for entities emphasizing activities related to the World Wide Web;
- for entities emphasizing cultural activities;
- for entities emphasizing recreation and entertainment activities;

2. All NEW domain requests will conform to RFCs 1034, 1035, 1122, 1123 and any subsequent replacements.    

3. The requests will be handled by an automatic/robot. This robot will apply a check against the list of existing domain names.

4. Requests for new domain names registration, nameserver updates and contact persons details for registered domains must be sent only using online forms found on web page or using forms provided by ROTLD's partners.

5. E-mail notifications are sent automatically by the registration system to inform the requester about the status of the application (accepted or rejected).

6. Names within the .ro domain and its sub-domains may be registered for active usage (domain delegation) or for inactive usage (reserved domain names).

7. For registered active domain names there must be an operational primary and an operational secondary Domain Name System (DNS) name server. Both name servers need permanent IP connectivity to the Internet (for queries and zone transfers) in order that they can be easily checked for operational status and database accuracy at any time by ROTLD registry.

8. At the end of each month a periodic zone check is done for all the domains to collect errors, host count and other domain statistics. ROTLD kindly ask to allow zone transfer for the machines from IP address class.

9. Any entity (organization or individual) may register a .ro domain name, independent of the location of the entity. The person contact in the application form is responsible for a domain and therefore is required to be an employee of the organization which will be the owner of the domain name.

10. The language for communication with the registrants and registrars is Romanian or English.

11. In order to develop the competitiveness of the .RO domain name registration services, the applications can be sent both directly to ICI-ROTLD or to the accredited partners.

12. The invoices are sent to the billing data as listed in the application form.

13. The payment is due in five days from the receipt of the invoice.

14. Applications for new domain names are processed in chronological order of receipt by ROTLD (first-come, first-served).  The entity seeking registration is fully responsible for its entries in the application form and is therefore required to supervise any records in the repository belonging to said entity. Applications for modifications (and deletions) of domain names are processed in a manner similar to that described above but exceptions to chronological order may be possible under certain circumstances and upon special request by registrants.

15. The registration of a domain name is made only after the entire payment has been received. An application can be canceled for lack of payment any time after payment is due, without prior notice.

16. Termination of registration: active or inactive registration of domain names may be erased from the repository (whois database) due to three reasons: a) when the registrant requests deletion of his entry; the request needs to be sent to ROTLD according the procedure posted at ; b) when no or insufficient payment for registration/reservation is received; c) upon order by a court or governmental or administrative body.

17. Domain names which have been deleted will immediately become available for any requester.

18. During the "on hold" period an active domain names will be set to inactive.    

19. Responsibilities for domain: entities registering domain names are fully responsible for their data filled in the online registration form. Submission of a domain registration constitutes warranty to ROTLD that entity has rights to use the submitted name, i.e. entities statements in the application form are required to be true and entity is required to have the right to use the Domain Name as requested in the application. Entity shall indemnify ROTLD from any litigation costs or damages resulting from entity's use of said name. ROTLD is hereby expressly exempted from any and all responsibility for the verification of rights to a name. Acceptance of an application and registration of a domain constitutes no endorsement by ROTLD that registrant has a right to use the domain name in question under the laws of any state which might be applicable, e.g. with regard to names of natural or legal persons, trade names or trademarks.

20. Registering a domain name does not confer any legal rights to that name but the right of use and any disputes between parties over the rights to use a particular name are to be settled between the contending parties using normal legal methods. The domain right of use owner is  accountable regarding the domain legal usage therefore is the only authorized to keep up to date the contact data and the name servers, the technical contact person cannot administrate the .ro domain name.

21. Domain Names are allocated to the Holder (domain owner). If the application was filled by another party on behalf of the Holder, the person who holds the Domain Name is the third party beneficiary of the contract between the Applicant and ROTLD. Holding the Domain Name is conditioned upon the Holder's acceptance of the Rules for name registration within the .ro domain and its sub-domains and the Registration Agreement, available at .

22. Transfer of domain names:  is according the procedure posted at , English version, ".ro Domain Registry" - "Transfer Right of Use".

23. Solving conflicts: when a domain name has been registered by another entity or is in progress of registering, it is the responsibility of the entity seeking the registration to research the existing repository and pursue any litigation which may be necessary against the existing registrant, if that entity believe that existing registrant has no right to use that domain. Entities and registrants acknowledge and agree that ROTLD cannot act as arbiter of disputes arising out of the registration of and use of domain names. Registration of a pending application for a domain name will be suspended by ROTLD in case of a conflict with another pending application or an already registered active or inactive domain name until the conflicting registrants present a written and duly signed settlement of the conflict or a court decision resolving the dispute in favor of one of the conflicting parties.

24. Liability of ROTLD: as far as permitted by law, the ROTLD registry will not be liable for any loss of use, interruption of business, or any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if the ROTLD registry has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

25. ROTLD assumes no liability for trademark disputes other than to provide the contact information to both parties.

26. Acceptable characters allowed for domain names are alpha-numeric characters (a-z, A-Z, 0-9) and dash (-). A domain name cannot begin or end with a dash. We recommend you to use only lower case characters, because domain names are case insensitive. A domain name must have less than 63 characters, not including the suffix .ro,,, etc. A domain name is unic and cannot be modified after it has been registered. By modifying any character within a domain name the requester get another domain name which can be registered as a new domain name, after sending the registration application and making the required payment.

27. When an entity loses its right to use a domain name, e. g because said entity has no legitimate right to register a domain name, no refund of any pre-paid fees will be made.

28. ROTLD may issue warnings in case of obvious possible name conflicts or when names are likely to conflict with another name, trade mark, well known names, name of famous individuals, etc. ROTLD, however, has no obligation to issue such warnings. After a warning has been issued, the corresponding application for a domain name is interrupted until confirmation by the registrant is received. ROTLD may, however, at its own discretion interrupt the registration until the entity seeking for registration submits within reasonable time to ROTLD a written confirmation of the holder of the conflicting name, trade mark, well known names, name of famous individuals, etc. that the application is valid and that the holder agrees with the application.

29. When an entity submits grossly erroneous and/or misleading application forms, the registry may cancel the registration process for such an entity. In this situation ROTLD registry reserves the rights to ask for additional information and/or documents.

30. ROTLD registers domain names in its own repository ( server) which answers authoritatively for .RO domain names. This information may also be retrieved from a search engine run by ROTLD, which can be queried by means of the command "whois -h <domain name>". The whois query accepts the domain name for input and will provide related information about the domain.

31. ROTLD reserves the right to make entries in the WHOIS data bases publicly available in any electronic and written form.    

32. This domain name policy shall be governed by and construed according to Romanian law. The courts of Bucharest, Romania, shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any disputes that may arise out of or in connection with this domain name policy, but before Curt, a dispute arbitration is possible according the Dispute Resolution Policy from, english version.

33. Reasons for rejecting domain name applications:

- incomplete entries in the application form;
- the data provided in the application form is false, it is not accurate, or it is misleading;
- domain names containing more than 63 characters;
- domain names containing special characters except the hyphen (-);
- domain names containing hyphen as first or last character;
- domain names which are identical with an already registered domain name;
- domain names which are identical with a previously applied valid name;
- domain names of bad taste;
- names incorporating foul languages;
- names that are injurious to public order or to public sensibilities;
- misleading or deceptive domain names;
- domain names with offending character;
- domain names with obscene or pornographic words;
- names of famous individuals;
- outstanding payments.

34. The ROTLD registry may cancel a registration or suspend delegation of a name:

- if the name is administered in a way likely to endanger operation of the DNS;
- if the basis on which the name was registered has changed, e.g. the organization making the application no longer exists, or the contact data was modified to inaccurate or false data;
- it is drawn to ROTLD attention that the name is being used in a manner likely to cause confusion to Internet users;
- where ROTLD has been informed that legal action has been commenced regarding use of the name;
- where attempts exists to register names in order to resell them.
- in cases of conflicts of a domain name between parties, until the dispute is resolved;
- the use of the domain name is misleading other Internet users;
- where ROTLD is of the opinion that one of the above events is likely to occur.

Starting from June, 2nd 2015, the Romanian diacritics characters (ă, â, î, ș, ț) can be used in the ".ro" domain names.